An urgent shake-up of the way £6 billion of public funds is spent in Wales is needed, according to the Future Generations Commissioner for Wales.

Money spent by public services on new building projects, goods and services is often not being used in the interests of future generations, and Welsh Government is failing to show clear, joinedup leadership on spending, said Sophie Howe.  

The Well-being of Future Generations Wales Act puts an obligation on public bodies including Welsh Government, to make decisions today that don’t harm the abilities of future generations to meet their needs.  

The commissioner, whose Manifesto for the Future asks the next Welsh Government to commit to a green recovery from the pandemic that closes inequality gaps, used one of her strongest powers to trigger her first Section 20 Review into how nine public bodies are spending £6.3bn of public money annually.

In a week that Welsh Government published a new strategy that puts well-being at the centre of an economic growth plan to recover from the pandemic, the review finds: 

  • Welsh Government has failed to show clear, joined-up leadership on the role of procurement in delivering Wales’ national well-being goals (and public bodies well-being objectives).  
  • There is poor communication and integration between different Welsh Government priorities, alongside lack of support available for public bodies to ensure these are implemented effectively on the ground. 
  • Opportunities for making spend work harder are being missed due to lack of support for the procurement profession and lack of accountability at a leadership level.  
  • There is no ongoing monitoring of procurement approaches or outcomes either for the purposes of spotting where things are going wrong, and opportunities are being missed, or for identifying and sharing best practice. 

Public bodies working hard during COVID-19 need more support to spend in a way that is good for our economy, communities, environment and culture, said the commissioner. 

The review found they have insufficient resources, capacity, support and timing to allow them to consider the long-term and spend in line with the Act, and government guidance is too complex. As a result, focus is placed on short-term cost and process, and opportunities to drive wider benefits from spend are being missed. 

While the procurement review identifies ‘pockets of good practice’, such as Vale of Glamorgan’s Llancarfan Primary School, set to become Wales’ first Net Zero Carbon school – it found there had been a lack of innovation in making such schemes the norm across Wales. 

Five million pounds of capital funding in the draft budget is earmarked for a Carbon Zero Pilot Project to decarbonise schools and colleges, but the construction sector reported ‘old new schools’ are often requested – with a lack of wider benefits, such as protecting the environment now and for the future, promoting Welsh language and culture as well as helping children live healthy lifestyles.  

More needs to be done by Welsh Government and public bodies to show how spending creates larger outcomes – from local jobs, skills and training opportunitiesto supporting social enterprises and welsh suppliers.  

The review found there isn’t a consistent way for public bodies to deliver these wider benefits, required by the Actor a way for them to be monitored or reported to the public.  

Construction and regeneration contracts are being agreed and awarded with no clear requirements on how these schemes improve well-being of current or future generations.  

Work is needed, said Ms Howe, to ensure spending processes helps meet Wales’ climate change targets – for the public sector to be carbon neutral by 2030 and for Wales to be Net Zero by 2050. 

The review however, also highlights good examples, such as Welsh Government investing £4.5m in a new Foundational Economy Challenge Fund in 2020. It’s supporting projects testing new ways to make the everyday economy work better for all communities in Wales and has been used to drive the procurement of PPE used during the pandemic from Welsh businesses. 

Community Care Collaborative (CCC) in Wrexham is contracted by the local health board to run three GP practicesIt’s recruited an emotional well-being team to provide wellbeing support for patients and has seen a 57% reduction in referrals to other mental health organisations.   

While the commissioner said this and other Welsh Government initiatives, such as a Ministerial Advisory Board and package of support, are a good starting point, she called for better integration and more joinup 

Asking Welsh Government to be clear on how it will ‘procure for well-being’, she’s recommending a centre of excellence is set up to provide practical support and share best practice. 

The commissioner urged Welsh Government to achieve the Act’s aims of a globally-responsible Wales, for example, tackling deforestation by stopping school and hospital canteens serving food linked to felling rainforests. 

Sophie Howe said: “We could be doing so much more to spend public funds in a way that creates healthier, prosperous and connected communities in Wales, in line with the Well-being of Future Generations Act.  

“For most of the £6 billion spent, we simply have no idea of the outcomes that are being achieved or are being missed, for example opportunities to support local firms, reduce inequality, encourage a circular economy and protect biodiversity. 

“As Wales recovers from COVID-19, people will need more support from public services to look after their physical and mental healthPublic bodies are working extremely hard in difficult circumstances – Welsh Government must lead on smarter spending, making the pound go further, bringing the very best well-being benefits from this huge amount of public money. 

In 2020, the commissioner published her Manifesto for the Future, urging the next Welsh Government to commit to progressive policies that take action on the climate and nature emergency and COVID-19, to ensure a green and just recovery that doesn’t further disadvantage those disproportionately affected by both. 

By investing in responding to the climate and nature emergency declared by Wales in 2019, government should commit to increasing spend year on year, in a way that improves long-term well-being such as allowing people to have access to green space within 300m of their home and walkable ‘20-minute neighbourhoods’ that benefit local economies. 


Notes to editors 

The Section 20 Review into Wales’ procurement process, Procuring Well-being in Wales, has been completed in partnership with Cardiff University as part of a Memorandum of Understanding. 

The review was triggered in March 2020 but paused due to additional pressures on public bodies dealing with the impact of the COVID-19 crisis, and resumed in October 2020. 

The nine public bodies investigated under the review were Bridgend County Borough Council; Cardiff and Vale University Health Board; Denbighshire County Council; Flintshire County Council; National Library of Wales; Velindre NHS Trust (as hosts of NHS Wales Shared Services); Wrexham County Council; Ynys Môn / Anglesey Council and Welsh Government, which was reviewed in its leadership role. 

The key findings from the review’s research phase were published in May 2020 as part of the Commissioner’s Future Generations Report 2020. 

Sophie Howe is Wales’s first Future Generations Commissioner. Her role is to be the guardian of future generations in Wales. This includes helping public bodies and those who make policy in Wales to think about the long-term impact of their decisions. 

Under the Well-being of Future Generations Act, which was made law in 2015, Welsh Government and other public bodies must contribute towards Wales’ national well-being goals for a more equal, healthier, prosperous, environmentally-resilient Wales of connected communities with a thriving culture and Welsh language. 

The law also requires them to apply the five ways of working of the Act – planning for the long term, prevention, integration, collaboration and involvement. 

*Work by Natural Resources Wales and the NHS Wales Shared Services Partnership to calculate the carbon footprint of their activities has shown that procurement contributes nearly 60% and 49% respectively of their overall emissions, greater than emissions created by energy use in buildings and transport. 

You can read the Section 20 report here: 


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